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It's 999 Day: How many emergency calls do you think are made in the UK every year?

By Hector MacKenzie

A new survey was commissioned to mark the day of celebration.
A new survey was commissioned to mark the day of celebration.

ADULTS in Scotland have, on average, called the 999 emergency number once in their lives, according to a new survey.

The poll, commissioned by BT, reveals that 49 per cent of calls to the 999 number are now made from a mobile phone in Scotland. Across the UK, more than 3 in 5 (62 per cent) adults have made a 999 call from a mobile, compared to only just over half (54 per cent) making the same call from a landline.

The survey has been published by BT to mark this year's 999 Day today, an annual celebration of the work of emergency services across the UK. Six BT call centres handle all the UK's 999 calls in Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales and England, passing calls to the relevant emergency service.

The number of 999 calls handled by BT has increased significantly in recent years, jumping from around 25 million calls a year in 2000, to close to 33 million calls last year. BT’s 999 call centres in Scotland handled around 35 per cent (11.4m) of these calls. Over a quarter (27 per cent) of adults believe that there were less than 10 million 999 calls made in the last year.

The poll of adults across the UK, conducted by Opinion Matters, showed that many people are not clear when to call 999 or 112, and when to call non-emergency numbers such as 101 and 111. Four per cent of adults in Scotland said they don’t know when to call 999. In Scotland, just over a third (34 per cent) know that they can call 101 for a non-emergency police issue. Across the UK, women are more likely than men to know they can call 111 in a medical non-emergency, with half of women (52 per cent) knowing when to call 111, compared to under 2 in 5 (38 per cent) of men.

More than half (59 per cent) of adults in Scotland also did not know that smartphones can now provide the exact location of a 999 caller by sending an automatic text to the 999 call handler. The majority of mobile phones (70 per cent) – including Android and Apple smartphones – can now detect that an emergency call is being made, and sends the caller’s precise GPS position to within three metres to the 999 service during the call. This can help emergency services get to incidents more quickly and save lives.

David Wallace, BT’s Enterprise division director of public sector in Scotland, said: “We are now handling record numbers of 999 calls each year. There may be several reasons for this, but it’s clear from the survey that not everyone knows when to call the emergency number, and when to call the range of non-emergency numbers.

“With nearly 80 per cent of people now using a smartphone, we have a lot of people carrying potential life-savers in their pockets. Using a smartphone’s location service, our call handlers can now pinpoint a 999 caller to within three metres in seconds. This could mean, for example, being able to tell which side of the motorway the call has come from, helping an ambulance get to a scene ten minutes earlier, which is potentially life-saving.

“Our call handlers and emergency services do phenomenal work, so anything we can do to help them respond more efficiently, and potentially save lives, has to be a good thing.”

Behind the research

The research was conducted by Opinion Matters, with 2,005 nationally representative UK Adults between 30.08.2019 - 02.09.2019. Opinion Matters abides by and employs members of the Market Research Society which is based on the ESOMAR principles.

In the past year, BT’s call centres handled around 33 million calls at an average of 93,000 per day. Of those calls connected to the emergency services, 49 per cent were for the Police, 47 per cent Ambulance, four per cent fire and less than one per cent for the Coastguard. Calls answered in the last year by BT call centre locations: England: 9.1m; Scotland: 11.4m; Wales: 5.5m; N. Ireland: 7.1m.

Nearly 70 per cent of 999 calls in the UK are now made from a mobile, working out at 17 million calls a year or 45,000 a day. According to Ofcom, 79 per cent of UK adults are now using a smartphone, up from 39 per cent in 2012.

Before the introduction of mobile phones, the vast majority of emergency calls were made from landlines, with callers having to provide their locations to the operator. While most landline calls can now be traced electronically to an address, this is often only accurate to a certain wide area.

Advanced Mobile Location (or AML) is an emergency location-based service developed by BT and is available on smartphones that, when a caller dials the emergency telephone number, sends a text with the location of the caller to the emergency call takers in real-time.

The number 999 was launched in London on June 30, 1937. This was after a fire at a London doctor’s surgery in November 1935 led to the tragic death of five women, a committee was then set up by the government to look at the problem of how telephone operators could identify emergency calls. This then resulted in the setup of the 999 line.

The 999 line celebrated its 80th anniversary in 2017.

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